The Practice Guidance of Chen Style Taijiquan Laojia along the Way
Laojia Road is mainly soft and rigid, which is characterized by generous stretching, light and flexible footwork, natural body style, and inner strength with filament-winding strength as the core to command the whole body; movements such as running clouds and running water, continuous, moving all, static, dynamic, elastic and full strength; in the strength of the main, to push, squeeze, press, to pick, swing, elbow, rely on as a supplement. Practice requires that the virtual collar top strength, stand upright, loose shoulders and sink elbows, including chest collapse waist, knee flexion loose, crotch strength open, breathing naturally, Shendantian, to the waist as the axis, knots through, virtual and solid clear, up and down, rigidity and softness, speed and slowness, shape arc line, internal strength spiral, the whole set of fists without a plane, no straight line, non-circular arc, intact circle. When practicing, we should always carry out the exercise of mood throughout the boxing routes.
After practicing Taijiquan for a long time, you will be able to feel the constant change. All the postures and movements are in the same place, one receives, one releases, one opens and one closes, one front and one back, one left, one right, and the left and right revolving Taijiquan map. Laojia Road is arranged according to the human body's movement habits. There are many movements on the right side. Practicing the old frame all the way is the basis for the development of the exerciser from a steady, soft and hard-working stage to a flexible and advanced stage. It's a must for every exercise. After Laojia has practiced well all the way, he should practice the left side of each move, such as the left hand-covering brachial fist, the left Vajra ramming, the left lazy dress, the left six closures, the left single whip, the left lotus feet, the left two feet, the left whirlwind feet, and so on.
After six years of practicing the old Chen-style Taijiquan frame, we should learn at least one vigorous action in every move from the beginning to the end. For example, lazy dress, six seals and four closures, oblique line, throwing body, Golden Chicken independence, double push hands, white crane bright wings, White Ape fruit donation, etc. Among them, at least two or three vigorous movements should be learned in the maneuvers of shuttle, step-down, roll-back brachial, concealed brachial fist, runner, diamond ramming and water-out of Qinglong. If you are tired of Laojia's practice along the way, it is absolutely wrong. Laojia has more and more subtleties along the way.
Then, try to do the old frame second and the new frame one and two exercises, together with the push hand, and a single strength, springiness, tremor movement exercises, and so on. When you practice opening and closing freely, advancing and retreating freely, rotating freely and stretching freely, there is no routine in Taijiquan.
The knee is equal to the weight on the balance, the other side forces on my left limb, we lift the force on the left knee, while the right knee sinks to strengthen the stability of the body. This kind of action is equivalent to the principle of leverage. The top collar is the fulcrum, the other side's force is the focus, and our hands and knees are the force points. But it's different from our daily weighing purposes. In weighing, the balance of force point and emphasis is required. In boxing, when the opposing force is large, the reducing force point makes it fall, and when the opposing force is small, the strengthening force point makes it turn back. But both must cooperate with the spinning winding method, properly rolling friction, so as to play the role of strength borrowing and strength cutting.
The legs and feet are subject to the command of the eyes and change with the enemy. Normally, the height of the thigh root should be slightly flat with the collapse of crotch strength. When walking forward or backward, you can only rotate your waist with your calves. But nowadays, more people who are used to the old style can't practice it, so they don't necessarily ask for it. In action, the solid leg should collapse the crotch strength, and then the empty leg tilts forward or backward. Forward, the tips of the foot inclined inward hook, heel-to-heel forward, into the desired position and then step on the heel. Whether moving forward or backward, the knee should be raised, and the foot should go in or out of the arc with the need of the frame type or forward or backward. The cooperation of the foot and knee is that the knee should be compared with the heel, slightly inward, forming a triangle. The knee should cooperate with the crotch roots and feet, and also be slightly inward, forming a triangle.
There are five kinds of steps, namely, horse step, bow step, traversing step, empty step and independent step. There is only a difference between light step and heavy step, but no difference between pure and empty step and solid step.
The arm should be divided into three sections. The shoulder is the root, the elbow is the middle, and the hand is the tip. "Taijiquan theory" requires "shoulder relaxation, elbow sinking". Chen Xin explained the word "Song" most clearly. He said that "the arm is like hanging on the shoulder". If the elbow is loose, it should keep the elbow tips downward regardless of winding upside down. The elbow should not be adducted from the ribs, otherwise it will inevitably cause the hand to leave the midline and lose its strength.