The relationship between blood glucose and carbohydrate
The biggest cause of diabetes is the excessive intake of carbohydrates. Although obesity is also the main cause, obesity is also caused by excessive intake of carbohydrates, so the reason is basically the same.
Carbohydrates (such as rice, flour, toast, etc.) will be converted into glucose after ingestion in the body, and then absorbed by the intestines. The blood glucose value of normal people will not be increased due to the equal proportion of glucose absorbed, because the pancreas will secrete insulin to send glucose into the cells, while the diabetes patients will not be able to significantly reduce the blood glucose because the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin.
The glucose in the blood must be maintained at a certain standard (blood glucose value 70-140). If it is too low, the body will have discomfort, sometimes even lose consciousness and endanger life, but it is not good if it is too high. It is not that the blood glucose itself is not good. The blood glucose is actually one of the elements to maintain our life.
So how many carbs do diabetic patients get in every day? It is generally believed that for patients treated with diet alone, carbohydrate at the beginning of 200g / day may gradually increase to 250-300g / day if blood sugar drops after treatment; for patients with unstable condition of oral hypoglycemic drugs or insulin injection, carbohydrate shall be controlled at 200-250g left and right, and may increase to 250-350g after the condition is stable; for elderly diabetic patients, carbohydrate shall not exceed 250-300g / day g. For those who cannot eat for some reasons, 150-200 g glucose should be injected to prevent ketosis.
In daily life, you can also eat more hypoglycemic food, such as Auricularia auricula, balsam pear, guava, onion, pumpkin, and drink 2 cups of yishutang fire hemp ecological tea every day, which has a good effect on reducing blood sugar. It is a Yao medicine Changshou recipe from Fengshan and Bama, the hometown of longevity, including hemp seed, cassia seed, guava, Auricularia auricula, Raphanus seed, Pueraria, Huangjing, Huaimi, mulberry Ingredients such as mulberry are often drunk by local people. There are more than 50 centenarians, none of whom died of three high diseases.
The relationship between blood sugar and obesity
Glucose absorbing cells are mainly muscle cells, liver cells and brain cells, especially muscle and liver cells, which will turn the glucose into glycogen and store it.
In general, liver stores 70 grams of glycogen, while muscle stores 200 grams. In the end, the liver and muscle can't store the rest of glucose, which will become neutral fat under the action of insulin, and then stored in fat cells, resulting in the increase of body fat and obesity.
If there are no factors such as eating or starvation to reduce blood sugar, the glycogen stored in muscle cells and liver cells will change back to glucose and be released into the blood. If the glycogen is used up, it will change from fat cells back to glucose and flow into the blood.
For example, in case of mountain difficulties or other situations, as long as water intake is maintained, even if food is not available, blood sugar will be stable enough to survive due to the conversion of glycogen or fat cells stored in the body.
It is worth noting that the brain is the organ most in need of glucose, so when engaged in mental work, we naturally want to eat sweets. If we don't supplement it immediately, it doesn't matter, because glycogen stored in the body will be automatically converted. But if you sit in front of a computer all day without exercise and constantly add sugar, you have a high risk of diabetes!
1. Genetic factors
Like type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes has a family history. Some of the pathogenic genes have been identified and some are still in the research stage.
2. Environmental factors
Epidemiological studies have shown that obesity, high calorie diet, lack of physical activity and aging are the most important environmental factors of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia and other factors will also increase the risk of disease.
3. Age factor
Most type 2 diabetes occurs after the age of 30. In half of the newly diagnosed type 2 diabetic patients, the age of onset was over 55 years old.
4. Ethnic factors
Compared with Caucasians and Asians, type 2 diabetes is more likely to occur in indigenous Americans, African American and Spanish populations.
Intake of high calorie and unreasonable structure (high fat, high protein, low carbohydrate) diet will lead to obesity. With the increase of body weight and lack of sports, insulin resistance will increase gradually, which will lead to insulin secretion defect and type 2 diabetes.
The main causes of type 2 diabetes include obesity, lack of physical activity and stress. Stress includes stress, fatigue, mental stimulation, trauma, surgery, childbirth, other major diseases, and the use of hormones that raise blood sugar. As a result of the above inducements, the patient's insulin secretion ability and the body's sensitivity to insulin gradually decrease, and the blood sugar increases, leading to diabetes.